Directional Microphones

07.17.15 Directional Microphones
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Directional microphones are useful in various situations, whether you're a hearing-impaired student in a classroom or a journalist during an interview. Directional microphones, also referred to as shotgun microphones, focus on picking up sounds from very small pathways directly in front of listeners. In many cases, the use of a directional microphone is more advantageous than using a traditional omnidirectional microphone, which picks up sounds from all over. A directional microphone provides clarity even in hectic environments, ensuring that as few words as possible are lost.

The best time to use a directional microphone is when the microphone is placed directly in front of a sound source. In addition to being used in classroom settings, shotgun microphones are often used on TV and movie sets, and also during live broadcasting for sports and news events. These microphones may also be used in live theater and performances to capture the voices of people onstage. A high-quality directional microphone will reject most ambient noise while preserving the natural sound of the source's voice, providing a great alternative to a handheld or headset microphone. However, shotgun microphones are capable of picking up a small amount of sound from the rear, which means people who use these microphones must remain silent while doing so.

When shopping for shotgun microphones, the most important factor other than cost is usually the length of the microphone. These microphones are long and cylindrical; the longer the mic, the farther its reach. Ideally, a directional microphone should be no more than a few feet away from the mouth of whoever is speaking. High-end microphones are capable of focusing on sound from much farther distances, but most shotgun microphones that people buy for everyday use can only function properly within that short range. Another thing to consider when buying a shotgun microphone is whether to buy a shock mount, which can get rid of a lot of ambient noise caused when your microphone is used. This accessory is best for people who are up and around while doing interviews, such as journalists and cameramen. People who are situated in classrooms do not need to worry so much about shock mounts.

As stated earlier, directional microphones are often used by people who are hearing impaired. When combined with the use of a hearing aid, these microphones are especially useful for students of all ages to excel in the classroom, where they might otherwise be distracted by ambient sounds. However, the directional nature of these microphones also causes problems with younger students who may not have developed the skills to orient themselves with who they should be listening to. Directional microphones only work when the listener is facing his or her subject. When users don't turn their heads, then they're less likely to hear their instructions. This is why the use of directional microphones with young children remains an issue of debate.

Directional microphones can be bought at music stores and electronics stores, and they can be ordered online from business across the country. A high-quality directional microphone that operates within a few feet can be had for roughly $100. You'll be impressed with the difference between a directional microphone and a standard omnidirectional microphone.

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